Steel Corrosion Patterns in Neutral and Alkaline Iron Oxide Slurry

Authors: Shelontsev V.A., Gorichev I.G., Kuzin A.V., Gerasimova I.V., Eliseeva E.A. Published: 05.11.2021
Published in issue: #5(98)/2021  
DOI: 10.18698/1812-3368-2021-5-142-155

Category: Chemistry | Chapter: Physical Chemistry  
Keywords: corrosion, iron oxide slurry, polarization resistance, corrosion protection

The study identifies and theoretically substantiates the steel corrosion patterns in aqueous slurry of iron-ore concentrate. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect that the content of dissolved oxygen(PO2), pH, the concentration of chloride ions (CCl-) and the rate of movement of the iron oxide slurry (ω) produce on the corrosion losses of steel 20. Comparative analysis of the corrosion rate values obtained by the gravimetric method and the polarization resistance method showed that the reciprocal of the polarization resistance and the corrosion rate change symbatically with increasing pH, the corrosion rate values are quantitatively well consistent with each other. To identify the corrosion patterns, the method of polarization resistance was used. The dependence of the corrosion rate (ρ) on рН revealed two characteristic areas: in the first one, there is no dependence of the rate on pH (6.5--9.0); in the second one, there is a sharp decrease in corrosion losses when the pH goes from 9.0 to 12.5. For pH = 6.5--9.0, the corrosion rate increases linearly with an increase in the partial pressure of oxygen, and corrosion losses in the slurry are higher than in the background solution. The dependence ρ(√ω) is linear over the entire pH range (6.0--9.0), which indicates the diffusion control of the corrosion process. Findings of research show that in order to protect carbon steel from corrosion in the iron oxide slurry, it is necessary to take into account the pH and О2 concentration. Optimal reduction of corrosion losses can be achieved by alkalizing the slurry and removing dissolved oxygen


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