Role of Biofilms in Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion of Metals

Authors: Lomakina G.Yu. Published: 15.02.2020
Published in issue: #1(88)/2020  
DOI: 10.18698/1812-3368-2020-1-100-125

Category: Chemistry | Chapter: Bioorganic Chemistry  
Keywords: microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), biocorrosion, biofilms, microorganisms, microbial consortium, biocorrosion mechanisms, extracellular polymer matrix

Data obtained in the recent years on the effect of bio-films in the development of metal microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) are summarized. The main way of sessile cells adaptation and survival on metal surfaces lies in formation of biofilms consisting of living cells surrounded by a multicomponent extracellular polymer substance (EPS). Biosystem created possesses new properties that are different from the properties of individual components. Biofilm ways of formation, growth and survival, functions of the extracellular matrix in regard to the microbial consortium and to the metal surface are presented. Mechanisms of biocorrosion involving the electron transmembrane transition from a metal to the living cell cytoplasm, as well as the extracellular pathways of metal oxidation under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, are considered


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